Bachelor's degree

subject area 
qualification - Portugal
university type - Portugal  
university status  
Lisbon, Portugal



Language: PortugueseStudies in Portuguese
Subject area: physical science, environment
Qualification: politécnico
University website:
Geology (from the Ancient Greek γῆ, gē, i.e. "earth" and -λoγία, -logia, i.e. "study of, discourse") is an earth science concerned with the solid Earth, the rocks of which it is composed, and the processes by which they change over time. Geology can also refer to the study of the solid features of any terrestrial planet or natural satellite, (such as Mars or the Moon).
The increasing number of factors playing a role in the various complexes of natural phenomena are the origin of new, so-called emergent, laws and characteristics. Based on this principle of emergence, a hierarchy of sciences can be distinguished: physics-chemistry-geology-biology-psychology.
In: p. 453
Geology may be defined to be that branch of natural history which investigates the successive changes that have taken place in the organic and inorganic kingdoms of nature. It is a science founded on exact observation and careful induction; it may termed the physical history of our globe; it investigates the structure of the planet on which we live and explains the character and causes of the various changes in the organic and inorganic kingdoms of nature.
William Humble in: Dictionary of geology and mineralogy: comprising such terms in botany., H. Washbourne, 1843, p. 104.
Geology is rapidly taking its place as an introduction to the higher history of man. If the author has sought to exalt a favorite science, it has been with the desire that man—in whom geological history had its consummation, the prophecies of the successive ages their fulfilment—might better comprehend his own nobility and the true purpose of his existence.
James D. Dana in: Geology: Treating Of The Principles Of The Science With Special Reference To American Geological History, For The Use Of Colleges, Academies, And Schools Of Science., Theodore Bliss & Co., London: Trubner A Co., 1863, in Preface p. ix.

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