Artificial intelligence (AI, also machine intelligence, MI) is intelligence demonstrated by machines, in contrast to the natural intelligence (NI) displayed by humans and other animals. In computer science AI research is defined as the study of "intelligent agents": any device that perceives its environment and takes actions that maximize its chance of successfully achieving its goals. Colloquially, the term "artificial intelligence" is applied when a machine mimics "cognitive" functions that humans associate with other human minds, such as "learning" and "problem solving".
Engineering is the creative application of science, mathematical methods, and empirical evidence to the innovation, design, construction, operation and maintenance of structures, machines, materials, devices, systems, processes, and organizations. The discipline of engineering encompasses a broad range of more specialized fields of engineering, each with a more specific emphasis on particular areas of applied mathematics, applied science, and types of application. See glossary of engineering.
Intelligence has been defined in many different ways to include the capacity for logic, understanding, self-awareness, learning, emotional knowledge, reasoning, planning, creativity, and problem solving. It can be more generally described as the ability to perceive or infer information, and to retain it as knowledge to be applied towards adaptive behaviors within an environment or context.
For the eye of the intellect "sees in all objects what it brought with it the means of seeing."
Thomas Carlyle, Varnhagen Von Ense's Memoirs, London and Westminster Review (1838).
Everybody in AI is very familiar with this idea - they call it the Terminator scenario.
Dr. Ian Pearson http://www.mirror.co.uk/news/technology-science/technology/everybody-working-artificial-intelligence-knows-6759244 Everbody Working Artificial Intelligence Knows Terminator Scenario]
No doubt, sulking populists in every era stay mean as weasels because they despise any form of superior intelligence except shrewdness.
Kent Owen, Review of Profscam: Professors And The Demise Of Higher Education in The American Spectator (May 1989), p. 44.