Bachelor's degree

subject area 
kind of studies  
university type - Poland  
university status  
Toruń, Poland


Language: EnglishStudies in English
Subject area: physical science, environment
Kind of studies: full-time studies
University website:
The course of chemistry offers first degree study based on the elements of mathematics and natural sciences combining knowledge of basic chemistry, analytical chemistry, physical, organic, inorganic, quantum chemistry, chemistry of materials, environmental chemistry and ecology and technology and chemical engineering. Undergraduate students acquire theoretical and practical knowledge in the field of preparation, analysis, characterization and safe use of chemicals and waste disposal. They learn the basics of safety and efficacy of working with chemical reagents, chemical, physical and biological phenomena and processes taking place in nature and technological rules and schemes. Chemistry Graduates will be prepared for teamwork in the chemical and allied industries (food, pharmaceutical, cosmetic, etc.), small manufacturing, government and education - after completing teaching specialty (according to the standards of education in preparation for the teaching profession). After acquiring practical knowledge and experimental training graduate students can solve problems, store, process and transmit information in the form of written or oral. Graduates will be prepared to continue education in master degree studies, especially focused on chemistry.
Chemistry is the scientific discipline involved with compounds composed of atoms, i.e. elements, and molecules, i.e. combinations of atoms: their composition, structure, properties, behavior and the changes they undergo during a reaction with other compounds. Chemistry addresses topics such as how atoms and molecules interact via chemical bonds to form new chemical compounds. There are four types of chemical bonds: covalent bonds, in which compounds share one or more electron(s); ionic bonds, in which a compound donates one or more electrons to another compound to produce ions (cations and anions); hydrogen bonds; and Van der Waals force bonds.
The Joker: You IDIOT! You made me. Remember? You dropped me into that vat of chemicals. That wasn't easy to get over, and don't think that I didn't try.
Sam Hamm, Warren Skaaren Batman (1989 film)
It is a mistake to confound Alchemy with Chemistry. Modern Chemistry is a science which deals merely with the external forms in which the element of matter is manifesting itself. It never produces anything new. We may mix and compound and decompose two or more chemical bodies an unlimited number of times, and cause them to appear under various different forms, but at the end we will have no augmentation of substance, nor anything more than the combinations of the substances that have been employed at the beginning. Alchemy does not mix or compound anything, it causes that which already exists in a latent state to become active and grow. Alchemy is, therefore, more comparable to botany or agriculture than to Chemistry; and, in fact, the growth of a plant, a tree, or an animal is an alchemical process going on in the alchemical laboratory of nature, and performed by the great Alchemist, the power of God acting in nature.
Franz Hartmann. (1890) In the Pronaos of the Temple of Wisdom, containing the History of the True and the False Rosicrucians. p. 129
Just think of the differences today. A young person gets interested in chemistry and is given a chemical set. But it doesn't contain potassium cyanide. It doesn't even contain copper sulfate or anything else interesting because all the interesting chemicals are considered dangerous substances. Therefore, these budding young chemists don't get a chance to do anything engrossing with their chemistry sets. As I look back, I think it is pretty remarkable that Mr. Ziegler, this friend of the family, would have so easily turned over one-third of an ounce of potassium cyanide to me, an eleven-year-old boy.
Linus Pauling In His Own Words (1995) by Barbara Marinacci, p. 29
Privacy Policy